The Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC) Secretary General said on Monday that hydrogen has become a proposed international solution to reach a system free of carbon.
This came in a specialized study issued by the OAPEC Secretary on “producing hydrogen and its role in energy transmission”.
Hydrogen can be fuel and produced from renewable energy, the study, which aims to review varied methods to produce hydrogen and its usage, showed.
However, there have been some obstacles facing the expansion of using hydrogen like high cost, which may reach five-folds of the cost of natural gas in some areas, and the necessity of building infrastructure to transfer and distribute hydrogen, the study said.
It noted that the networks of hydrogen is 0.2 percent of the total networks of natural gas across the globe.
It elaborated the steam methane reforming is the most used method to produce hydrogen from natural gas, but it generates 10 tons of carbon dioxide per a ton of hydrogen.
Carbon storage technique can be used to contribute to reducing emissions up to 90 percent, so hydrogen in this case becomes “blue hydrogen”, it said.
It said that there is interest in producing hydrogen internationally as it can play a key role in energy transformation process.
The study pointed out that up to 29 countries have begun setting plans and strategies on hydrogen, in addition to the European Union strategy declared in mid-2020.
It has expected the transport sector will be one of the promising sectors of hydrogen, stating that hydrogen will be used by some other sectors as well. On the Arab level, the study showed that some Arab countries have paid attention to investment projects to produce hydrogen.
It emphasized that the Arabs’ success in these projects would enable them to play a key role in the global market and to get a good share of this promising market, so as to add a new chapter to their historical role as a global source of oil and gas supplies for several decades.
The study recommended the Arab countries to prepare national strategies or maps on hydrogen that specify goals and timeframes as well as their role in the national energy strategies.
It also advised these countries to enter into strategic partnerships with major hydrogen markets – that will need to import it in the future – like the European market, Japan, China and South Korea.
The study called for founding research centers on technologies for hydrogen production and its applications, and supporting integration among Arabs as well as benefiting from expertise made by some countries in this regard.
Source: Kuwait News Agency